Founding of Anishinabe Spiritual Centre, Anderson Lake (Espanola), ON by the Jesuits of Upper Canada. It is a retreat centre for Native Canadians. It became the site of the Indian Lay Permanent Deacon program and Ojibway Theological Centre for the formation of Native permanent deacons and priests. It has offered many programs for Native and non-Native Catholics. New facilities at the site were opened in 1984. A generation of Native permanent deacons were formed at the Centre, including Mr. Ron Boyer, who for many years directed the Shrine of Saint Kateri Tekawitha at Kahnawake near Montreal. With his brother deacons he was active in Native healing ministry and in the reconciliation of traditional Native spirituality with Catholic faith and liturgy.